Chapter 6: Play Areas/Playgrounds and Transportation
6.5.2 Transportation Safety
188.8.131.52: Child Behavior During Transportation
Children, as both passengers and pedestrians, should be instructed in safe transportation behavior using terms and concepts appropriate for their age and stage of development.
COVID-19 modification as of August 10, 2022:
In response to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s COVID-19 Guidance for Operating Early Care and Education/Child Care Programs, it is recommended that early childhood programs consult local health officials and other state, local, tribal and territorial authorities, to the extent feasible, when making decisions about transporting children. Use the CDC’s COVID-19 CDC Data tracker for up-to-date information on transmission in your community.
When transporting children:
Clean Vehicles Between Each Use
Refer to the CDC for additional information, particularly:
American Academy of Pediatrics. COVID-19 and Safe Transportation in Motor Vehicles
RATIONALETeaching passenger safety to children reduces injury from motor vehicle crashes to young children (2). Young children need to develop skills that will aid them in assuming responsibility for their own health and safety, and these skills can be developed through health and safety education implemented during the early years (1,3). Supervision of children will help to reinforce appropriate behaviors.
COMMENTSExamples of safe behavior training include wearing seat belts and staying in position. Curricula and materials can be obtained from state departments of transportation, the American Automobile Association (AAA), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American Red Cross, and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC).
TYPE OF FACILITYCenter, Early Head Start, Head Start, Large Family Child Care Home, Small Family Child Care Home
- Lehman, G. R., E. S. Geller. 1990. Participative education for children: An effective approach to increase safety belt use. J Appl Behav Anal 23:219-25.
- Windome, M. D., ed. 1997. Injury prevention and control for children and youth. 3rd ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
- Kane, W. M., K. E. Herrera. 1993. Safety is no accident: Children’s activities in injury prevention. Santa Cruz, CA: ETR Associates.