Caring for Our Children (CFOC)

Chapter 6: Play Areas/Playgrounds and Transportation

6.3 Water Play Areas (Pools, Etc.)

6.3.3 Pool Maintenance Pool Water Temperature

Water temperatures should be maintained at no less than 82°F and no more than 88°F while the pool is in use.
Because of their relatively larger surface area to body mass, young children can lose or gain body heat more easily than adults. Water temperature for swimming and wading should be warm enough to prevent excess loss of body heat and cool enough to prevent overheating.
Learner pools in public swimming centers are usually at least two degrees warmer than the main pool.

Caregivers/teachers should be advised about the length of time infants should usually spend in the water and how to recognize when an infant is cold so that temperature control should not be problem (1). Signs that an infant is cold are that the infant has cold skin, becomes unhappy, has low energy or becomes less responsive.

Center, Early Head Start, Head Start, Large Family Child Care Home, Small Family Child Care Home
  1. Coleman, H., F. D. Finlay. 1995. When is it safe for babies to swim? Profess Care Mother Child 5:85-86.