Chapter 5: Facilities, Supplies, Equipment, and Environmental Health
5.2 Quality of the Outdoor and Indoor Environment
5.2.5 Fire Warning Systems
220.127.116.11: Portable Fire Extinguishers
Fire extinguishers should be installed along normal paths of travel, in locations that are visible, and where readily accessible in the event of a fire. If visual obstruction cannot be avoided, signs or other means should be provided to identify location of a fire extinguisher.1 Caregivers/teachers should have access to a fire extinguisher manual or National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Code 10 for instructions and cautions necessary to the installation, operation, inspection, and maintenance of fire extinguishers.1
The fire extinguisher should be of the ABC type (see Rationale for an explanation of each class type). Size/number of fire extinguishers should be determined after a survey by the fire marshal or by an insurance company fire loss prevention representative.
Fire extinguishers should not be accessible to children.
Persons inspecting, maintaining, and recharging extinguishers should be certified. Inspections and maintenance should be completed annually and all records kept on file.
Each fire extinguisher should have a label or tag securely attached that identifies the following:
- Month and year of completion
- Person performing work
- Name of agency performing work
Additional information on fire safety and extinguishers, such as maintenance intervals, can be found in NFPA Code 10. Refer to Standard 18.104.22.168: Use of Fire Extinguishers for information on fire emergency action plans, evacuating children, and staff training requirements.
RATIONALEAll fire extinguishers are labeled, using standard symbols, for the classes of fires on which they can be used. A red slash through any of the symbols tells you the extinguisher cannot be used on that class of fire. Class A designates ordinary combustibles such as wood, cloth, and paper. Class B designates flammable liquids such as gasoline, oil, and oil-based paint. Class C designates energized electrical equipment, including wiring, fuse boxes, circuit breakers, machinery, and appliances. Refer to NFPA Code 10 for additional information.
TYPE OF FACILITYCenter, Early Head Start, Head Start, Large Family Child Care Home, Small Family Child Care Home
RELATED STANDARDS22.214.171.124 Use of Fire Extinguishers
126.96.36.199 Compliance with Fire Prevention Code
188.8.131.52 Smoke Detection Systems and Smoke Alarms
184.108.40.206 Availability of Reports on Inspections of Fire Protection Devices
National Fire Protection Association. NFPA 10: Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers. https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=10. Updated 2018. Accessed August 21, 2019
Content in the STANDARD was modified 01/23/2020.