Caring for Our Childen (CFOC)

Chapter 5: Facilities, Supplies, Equipment, and Environmental Health

5.2 Quality of the Outdoor and Indoor Environment

5.2.1 Ventilation, Heating, Cooling, and Hot Water

5.2.1.10: Gas, Oil, or Kerosene Heaters, Generators, Portable Gas Stoves, and Charcoal and Gas Grills


Unvented gas or oil heaters and portable open-flame kerosene space heaters should be prohibited. Gas cooking appliances, including portable gas stoves, should not be used for heating purposes. Charcoal grills should not be used for space heating or any other indoor purposes.

Heat in units that involve flame should be vented properly to the outside and should be supplied with a source of combustion air that meets the manufacturer’s installation requirements.

RATIONALE
Due to improper ventilation, worn or faulty parts, or malfunctioning equipment, dangerous gases can accumulate and cause a fire or carbon monoxide poisoning. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, gas that is formed when carbon-containing fuel is not burned completely and can cause illness or death. See Standard 5.2.9.5 on installation of carbon monoxide detectors.

Many burns have been caused by contact with space heaters and other hot surfaces such as charcoal and gas grills (1). If charcoal grills are used outside, adequate staff ratios must be maintained and the person operating the grill should not be counted in the ratio.

COMMENTS
For more information on carbon monoxide poisoning and poison prevention, contact your local poison center by calling 1-800-222-1222 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 1-800-222-1222 end_of_the_skype_highlighting.
TYPE OF FACILITY
Center, Early Head Start, Head Start, Large Family Child Care Home, Small Family Child Care Home
RELATED STANDARDS
5.2.1.13 Barriers/Guards for Heating Equipment and Units
5.2.9.5 Carbon Monoxide Detectors
REFERENCES
  1. Palmieri, T. L., D. G. Greenhalgh. 2002. Increased incidence of heater-related burn injury during a power crisis. Arch Surg 137:1106-8.