Caring for Our Children (CFOC)

Chapter 5: Facilities, Supplies, Equipment, and Environmental Health

5.1 Overall Requirements

5.1.6 Exterior Areas

Note to Reader: See Chapter 6 for Outdoor Play Area Requirements Walking Surfaces

All walking surfaces, such as walkways, ramps, and decks, should have a non-slip finish and be free of loose material (e.g., gravel, sand), water, and ice. Sand may be used on walkways during ice and snow conditions.

All walking surfaces and other play surfaces should be free of holes and abrupt irregularities in the surface.

Slippery and uneven walking surfaces can lead to injury even during activities of children and adults that do not involve play (1).
An example of a non-slip finish is asphalt or asphalt with a covering of sand for icy walkways.
Center, Early Head Start, Head Start, Large Family Child Care Home, Small Family Child Care Home
  1. Whole Building Design Guide Secure/Safe Committee. 2010. Ensure occupant safety and health. National Institute of Building Sciences.