Chapter 5: Facilities, Supplies, Equipment, and Environmental Health
5.1 Overall Requirements
5.1.1 General Location, Layout and Construction of the Facility
18.104.22.168: Inspection of Buildings
Newly constructed, renovated, remodeled, or altered buildings should be inspected by a public inspector to assure compliance with applicable building and fire codes before the building can be made accessible to children (1).
RATIONALEBuilding codes are designed to ensure that a building is safe for occupants. Environmental health recommendations are designed to ensure the building and property are free of health hazards for children and workers. Existing buildings may contain potentially toxic or hazardous construction materials (e.g., lead paint, asbestos) that may be released during renovation work. Assessing the presence of such materials enables the management of potential exposures through removal, containment, or by other means (2).
COMMENTSAny building not used for child care for a period of time should be inspected for compliance with applicable building and fire codes. A thorough review of former uses of the building(s) should be completed to determine if there may be lingering hazardous exposures from past contamination that might require mitigation. The indoor, air, water, paint, building materials and/or other furnishings in the buildings need to be assessed for contaminant levels prior to siting. Collecting a sample of indoor air, water, paint, and building materials may also be necessary. A review of environmental health hazards by county or city public health environmental offices can help to meet safety requirements.
TYPE OF FACILITYCenter, Early Head Start, Head Start
RELATED STANDARDS22.214.171.124 Compliance with Fire Prevention Code
126.96.36.199 Assessment of the Environment at the Site Location
188.8.131.52 Ensuring Access to Fresh Air Indoors
184.108.40.206 Water Supply
220.127.116.11 Preventing Exposure to Asbestos or Other Friable Materials
18.104.22.168 Testing for Lead
22.214.171.124 Construction and Remodeling
Somers, T.S., Harvey, M.L., Rusnak, S.M. 2011. Making child care centers SAFER: A non-regulatory approach to improving child care center siting. Public Health Reports 126(Suppl 1): 34–40. Accessible at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3072901/.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2012. Announcement: Response to the advisory committee on childhood lead poisoning prevention report, low level lead exposure harms children: A renewed call for primary prevention. MMWR. Atlanta, GA: CDC.http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6120a6.htm?s_cid=mm6120a6_e.