Caring for Our Childen (CFOC)

Chapter 3: Health Promotion and Protection

3.4 Health Protection in Child Care

3.4.3 Emergency Procedures

3.4.3.3: Response to Fire and Burns


Children who are developmentally able to understand, should be instructed to STOP, DROP, and ROLL when garments catch fire. Children should be instructed to crawl on the floor under the smoke if necessary when they evacuate the building. This instruction is part of ongoing health and safety education and fire drills/exercise.

Cool water should be applied to burns immediately. The injury should be covered with a loose bandage or clean, dry cloth. Medical assessment/care should be immediate.

RATIONALE
Running when garments have been ignited will fan the fire. Removing heat from the affected area will prevent continued burning and aggravation of tissue damage. Asphyxiation causes more deaths in house fires than does thermal injury (1).
COMMENTS
For resources for children: see Stop, Drop, and Roll – A Jessica Worries Book: Fire Safety.
TYPE OF FACILITY
Center, Large Family Child Care Home, Small Family Child Care Home
RELATED STANDARDS
Appendix P: Situations that Require Medical Attention Right Away
REFERENCES
  1. American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. 2000. Reducing the number of deaths and injuries from residential fires. Pediatrics 105:1355-57.