Chapter 3: Health Promotion and Protection
3.4 Health Protection in Child Care
3.4.3 Emergency Procedures
220.127.116.11: Use of Fire Extinguishers
Staff should demonstrate the ability to locate and operate fire extinguishers. Facilities should develop a fire emergency action plan for responding in the event of a fire in or near the facility that includes staff responsibilities and protocols for evacuation, notifying emergency personnel, and using fire extinguishers. Staff should be trained that the first priority is to remove the children from the facility safely and quickly. Putting out the fire is secondary to the safe exit of children and staff.
Caregivers/teachers within early care and education programs should have access to and be trained on the use of a fire extinguisher.
Discharge the extinguisher within its effective range using the PASS technique (pull, aim, squeeze, and sweep).1 Most fire extinguishers operate using this technique.
- Pull the pin; this will break the seal.
- Aim low, pointing the fire extinguisher nozzle at the base of the fire.
- Squeeze the handle to release the extinguisher agent.
- Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire until it appears to be out.
Refer to Standard 18.104.22.168: Portable Fire Extinguishers for information on installation, inspection, maintenance, and record-keeping requirements.
A fire extinguisher may be used to put out a small fire or to clear an escape path. Developing a fire emergency action plan that includes staff use of fire extinguishers and conducting fire drills/exercises can increase preparedness and help staff better understand what to do to respond to a fire. It is just as important that staff know when not to try to fight a fire with portable fire extinguishers.
TYPE OF FACILITYCenter, Early Head Start, Head Start, Large Family Child Care Home, Small Family Child Care Home
RELATED STANDARDS22.214.171.124 Response to Fire and Burns
126.96.36.199 Portable Fire Extinguishers
188.8.131.52 Disaster Planning, Training, and Communication
US Fire Administration. Choosing and using fire extinguishers. https://www.usfa.fema.gov/prevention/outreach/extinguishers.html. Reviewed December 12, 2017. Accessed August 21, 2019
Content in the STANDARD was modified on 2/27/2020.