Chapter 3: Health Promotion and Protection
3.4 Health Protection in Child Care
3.4.3 Emergency Procedures
188.8.131.52: Medical Emergency Procedures
All medical emergency procedures should take into account the specific needs of children enrolled, including such factors as age, abilities, special health care needs, and special developmental needs.1
In the event of an emergency, the following emergency procedures should be carried out:
- First aid should begin, and contact should be made with an emergency medical response team, such as 911 and/or Poison Control (1-800-222-1222).
- Plans to transport the ill or injured person(s) to a local emergency medical facility should be followed.
- The parent/guardian or emergency contact person should be contacted immediately.
- A staff member should accompany the child or adult to the hospital and stay with the individual until the parent/guardian or emergency contact person arrives. Child to staff ratio should be maintained, additional staff may be needed to maintain the required ratio.
- Debriefing should occur after an incident or emergency. Staff should discuss procedures, how well they were followed, and any changes that may need to be made.
Children with known medical conditions that might involve emergent care require a care plan created with the child’s primary health care provider in collaboration with the child’s parents/guardians. All staff need to be trained to manage an emergency until emergency medical care becomes available. Staff training in carrying out emergency medical procedures and plans, as well as providing first aid, should be conducted, at a minimum, annually.
The written medical emergency procedures and policies should be reviewed and practiced regularly, as well as immediately following an emergency, if changes are made to the facility or equipment, or if the needs of the children change.1,2
When staff know how to carry out the emergency medical procedures and plans, they will be able to prevent or minimize serious injury of children enrolled in early care and education programs.
First aid training is available from:
The American Academy of Pediatrics - http://www.pedfactsonline.com/
The American Red Cross - https://www.redcross.org/take-a-class/first-aid/first-aid-training
TYPE OF FACILITYCenter, Early Head Start, Head Start, Large Family Child Care Home, Small Family Child Care Home
RELATED STANDARDS184.108.40.206 Pre-service Training
220.127.116.11 First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training for Staff
18.104.22.168 Topics Covered in Pediatric First Aid Training
22.214.171.124 Care Plan for Children with Special Health Care Needs
126.96.36.199 Information Required for Children Who Are Ill
188.8.131.52 Alternate Exits and Emergency Shelter
184.108.40.206 Evacuation of Children with Special Health Care Needs and Children with Disabilities
220.127.116.11 Use of a Poison Center
18.104.22.168 Disaster Planning, Training, and Communication
22.214.171.124 Emergency and Evacuation Drills/Exercises Policy
126.96.36.199 Evacuation and Shelter-In-Place Drill Record
American Academy of Pediatrics, National Association of School Nurses. PedFACTs: Pediatric First Aid for Caregivers and Teachers. 2nd ed. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2012
National Center on Early Childhood Health and Wellness, US Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and Families Office of Head Start. Emergency Preparedness Manual for Early Childhood Programs. https://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/emergency-preparedness-manual-early-childhood-programs.pdf. Accessed December 20, 2018
Content in the STANDARD was modified on 5/17/19.